The goal of Ying Xue’s research is to develop empirical evidence to guide national policies to optimize the nursing workforce and to improve health care delivery and outcomes, especially among vulnerable populations. Her research has examined the pivotal role of nurses in health care delivery and outcomes, including evidence on quality of care and cost-effectiveness. This work encompasses historical and geographical trends in the nursing workforce, especially related to nursing workforce shortages and workforce diversity, including job satisfaction among racial and ethnic minority nurses. Recent health care reforms designed to reduce health inequalities by addressing access to quality care require much-needed research and policy guidance on the optimal role and contributions of nursing to advance these reforms.

Xue’s current research thus focuses on examining the role of nurse practitioners in improving primary care delivery for vulnerable populations. This work includes evaluation of the impact of federal and state regulations and policies on the availability and care delivery of nurse practitioners and access to primary care among vulnerable populations, and examination of the specific roles, tasks, and collaboration among primary care providers, including nurse practitioners, to identify strategies associated with improved efficiency and quality of primary care delivery.

Prior to coming to the University of Rochester, Xue earned her doctoral degree in nursing at Yale University and completed a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania.

Professional Experience
Associate Professor of Nursing, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY, US. 2012 - Current

Assistant Professor, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY, US. 2006 - 2012

Health Policy Synergy Workshop
Institute of Medicine & Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2009

Nurse Faculty Scholars - Inaugural Class
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2008

AAHPM College of Palliative Care Scholar
American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, National Palliative Care Research Center, & American Cancer Society, 2007

The Promising New Investigator Award
University of Rochester School of Nursing, 2007

Anthony DiGuida/Delta Mu Research Prize
Yale University School of Nursing, 2005

Engaging and Becoming allies in Advancing Diversity at URMC: A panel discussion of the diverse perspectives of the role of majority groups in diversity
URSMD Diversity Seminar Serier, University of Rochester, 2014
Rochester, New York

Supplemental nurse staffing and quality and cost of patient care
Xue, Y. University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Public Health Sciences Health Services Research Seminar, 2014
Rochester, New York

Differences in Healthcare Utilization
Lowey, S.E., Xue, Y., Smith, J.A., & Powers, B.A. Eastern Nursing Research Society 25rd Annual Scientific Sessions, 2013
Boston, Massachusetts

Hospital Use of Supplemental Nurses and Patient Mortality and Failure to Rescue.
Shang, J., Xue, Y., Aiken, LH. National State of the Science Congress on Nursing Research, 2012
Washington DC

Opioid Use During the Last Year of
Lowey, S.E., Smith, J.A., Xue, Y., & Powers, B.A. Gerontological Society of America 65th Annual Scientific Meeting, 2012
San Diego, California

Does use of supplemental nurses increase hospital length of stay?
Xue, Y. AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2012
Orlando, Florida

Opioid use for the palliation of terminal dyspnea in older adults with heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Lowey, S. Power, B., Xue, Y. Eastern Nursing Research Society Annual Meeting, 2012
New Haven, Connecticut

Hospital supplemental nurses and patient outcomes
Shang, J., Aiken, LH, Cimiotti, J., Xue, Y. Eastern Nursing Research Society Annual Meeting, 2012
New Haven, Connecticut

The relationship between process and outcomes for stroke post prospective payment in inpatient rehabilitation facilities
O'Brien, SR., Ingersoll, G., Xue, Y., Kelly, A., Chen, D. International Stroke Conference, 2012
New Orleans, Louisiana

Hospital supplemental nurses and patient outcomes
Shang, J., Xue, Y., Cimiotti, J., Aiken, L. H. Academy Health Annual Research Meeting, 2011
Seattle, Washington

Supplemental Nurses (SRN), their reasons and perceptions as a SRN
Shang, J., Xue, Y., Aiken, L. H. Eastern Nursing Research Society 2011 conference, 2011
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Supplemental nurse staffing and quality of patient care
St. Peter's Hospital Nursing Department's Annual Day of Nursing Inquiry, Foundation of New York State Nurses, 2010
Albany, New York

Does use of supplemental nurses increase hospital cost?
Xue, Y., Chapple, A., Aiken, LH., Freund, D., Noyes, K. AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2010
Boston, Massachusetts

National trends of supplemental nurses' characteristics from 1984 to 2004.
Xue, Y., Smith, J., Freund, D., Aiken, LH. AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2010
Boston, Massachusetts

Quality outcomes of hospital supplemental nurse staffing
Xue, Y., Aiken, LH., Freund, D., Noyes, K. AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2010
Boston, Massachusetts

Chair. Call-for-paper session "Nursing process of care and job experience"
AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2010

Employment Trends of Supplemental Nurses from 1984 to 2004: Implications for Workforce Planning
RWJF - NFS National Meeting, 2009
Santa Fe, New Mexico

Quality Outcomes of Hospital Supplemental Nurse Staffing
American Academy of Nursing 36th Annual Conference and Meeting, Xue, Y, Aiken LH, Freund, D., Noyes, K. American Academy of Nursing 36th Annual Conference and Meeting, 2009
Atlanta, Georgia

Quality Outcomes of Hospital Supplemental Nurse Staffing
RWJF - INQRI Fourth Annual Meeting, 2009
Princeton, New Jersey

Length of survival time in matched hospice and non-hospice cancer patients
The First Annual Retreat and Research Symposium of National Palliative Care Research Center, Co-sponsored by the College of Palliative Care and the American Cancer Society, 2007
Park City, Utah

Application of Database in Chronic Disease Management - A Case Study
on Prevention and Management of Chronic Conditions, Ma, T., Xue, Y., McCorkle, R. International Nursing Conference, 2006
Bangkok, Thailand

The influence of patient, healthcare provider, and organization characteristics on the use of home hospice care versus traditional home care prior to death
Annual Research meeting, Xue, Y., Milone-Nuzzo, P. AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2004
San Diego, California

Pain knowledge and attitudes of inpatient oncology healthcare providers at an academic medical center
16th Annual Scientific Sessions, Xue, Y., Schulman-Green, D., Harris, D., Czaplinski, C., Donovan, C., Loseth, D., & McCorkle, R. Eastern Nursing Research Society, 2004
Boston, Massachusetts

Home care in Thailand & The People's Republic of China
22nd Annual meeting and 3rd World Congress, Xue, Y., Milone-Nuzzo, P. The National Association for Home Care & Hospice, 2003
Orlando, Florida

Xue, Y., Smith, J. A., & Spetz, J. (2019). Primary care nurse practitioners and physicians in low-income and rural areas, 2010-2016. JAMA, 321 (1), 102-105. PMID: 30620363 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2018.17944

Nelson, L. E., McMahon, J. M., Leblanc, N. M., Braksmajer, A., Crean, H. F., Smith, K., & Xue, Y. (2019). Advancing the case for nurse practitioner-based models to accelerate scale-up of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28, 351-361. PMID: 30230068 DOI: 10.1111/jocn.14675

Xue, Y., Greener, E., Kannan, V., Smith, J. A., Brewer, C., & Spetz, J. (2018). Federally qualified health centers reduce the primary care provider gap in health professional shortage counties. Nursing Outlook, 66 (3), 263-272. PMID: 29685322 DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2018.02.003

Xue, Y., Goodwin, J. S., Adhikari, D., Raji, M. A., & Kuo, Y. F. (2017). Trends in primary care provision to medicare beneficiaries by physicians, nurse practitioners, or physician assistants: 2008-2014. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 8 (4), 256-263. PMID: 29047322 PMCID: PMC5932742 DOI: 10.1177/2150131917736634

Xue, Y., Tuttle, J. (2017). Clinical productivity of primary care nurse practitioners in ambulatory settings. Nursing Outlook, 65 (2), 162-171. PMID: 27773346 DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2016.09.005

O'Brien SR, Xue Y (2016). Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes in Patients With Stroke Over Age 85 Years. Phys Ther, 96 (9), 1381-8. PMID: 26916929 DOI: 10.2522/ptj.20150364

Xue Y, Intrator O (2016). Cultivating the Role of Nurse Practitioners in Providing Primary Care to Vulnerable Populations in an Era of Health-Care Reform.. Policy Polit Nurs Pract, 17 (1), 24-31. PMID: 27166344 DOI: 10.1177/1527154416645539

Xue Y, Ye Z, Brewer C, Spetz J (2016). Impact of state nurse practitioner scope-of-practice regulation on health care delivery: Systematic review. Nurs Outlook, 64 (1), 71-85. PMID: 26475528 DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2015.08.005

Simpson, A., Groth, S., Fernandes, D., Xue, Y. (2015). Women's Beliefs About and Self-Efficacy Toward Physical Activity During Pregnancy. Nursing Research, 64 (2), E23-E23.

Xue Y, Chappel AR, Freund DA, Aiken LH, Noyes K. (2015). Cost outcomes of supplemental nurse staffing in a large medical center. J Nurs Care Qual, 30 (2), 130-7. PMID: 25479239 DOI: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000100

Lowey, S.E., Smith, J.A., Xue, Y., Powers, B.A. (2015). Opioid Use in the Last Year of Life Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Advanced Illnesses: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 17 (3), 242-248. DOI: 10.1097/NJH.0000000000000155

Boev C, Xue Y, Ingersoll GL (2015). Nursing job satisfaction, certification and healthcare-associated infections in critical care. Intensive Crit Care Nurs, 31 (5), 276-84. PMID: 26169234 DOI: 10.1016/j.iccn.2015.04.001

Xue, Y. (2015). Racial and ethnic minority nurses' job satisfaction in the U.S.. International Journal of Nurse Studies, 52 (1), 280-7. PMID: 25457875 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.10.007

O'Brien, S. R., Xue, Y. (2014). Predicting goal achievement during stroke rehabilitation for Medicare beneficiaries. Disabil Rehabil, 36 (15), 1273-8. PMID: 24151817 DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2013.845253

Xue Y, Brewer C. (2014). Racial and Ethnic Diversity of the U.S. National Nurse Workforce. Policy Politics and Nursing Practice.

Chimenti RL1, Flemister AS, Tome J, McMahon JM, Flannery MA, Xue Y, Houck JR (2014). Altered tendon characteristics and mechanical properties associated with insertional achilles tendinopathy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther., 44 (9), 680-9. PMID: 25103130 DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2014.5369

McMahon, J. M., Volpe, E. M., Klostermann, K., Trabold, N., Xue, Y. (2014). A systematic review of the psychometric properties of the Sexual Relationship Power Scale (SRPS) in HIV/AIDS research. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44 (2), 267-94. PMID: 25331613 PMCID: PMC4324007 DOI: 10.1007/s10508-014-0355-6

O'Brien, S. R., Xue, Y., Ingersoll, G., & Kelly, A. (2013). Shorter length of stay is associated with worse functional outcomes for medicare beneficiaries with stroke. Physical therapy, 93 (12), 1592-1602.

Lowey, S.E., Powers, B.A., & Xue, Y. (2013). Short of breath and dying: State of the science on opioid agents for the palliation of refractory dyspnea in older adults. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 39, 43-52.

Aiken, LH., Shang, JJ., Xue, Y., Sloan, DM. (2013). Hospital Use of Agency-Employed Supplemental Nurses and Patient Mortality and Failure to Rescue. Health Services Research, 48 (3), 931-948. PMID: 23216367 PMCID: PMC3651800 DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.12018

Xue, Y., Smith, J., Freund, D.A. & Aiken, L.H. (2012). Supplemental nurses are just as educated, slightly less experienced, and more diverse compared to permanent nurses.. Health Affairs, 31 (11), 2510-2517. Health Aff November 2012 vol. 31 no. 11 2510-2517. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2011.1297

Xue, Y., Aiken, LH., Freund, DA., Noyes, K (2012). Quality outcomes of hospital supplemental nurse staffing. Journal of Nursing Administration, 42 (12), 580-585.

Aiken, L.H., Xue, Y., Clarke, S.P., & Sloane, D.M. (2007). Supplemental nurse staffing in hospitals and quality of care. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37 (7), 335-342.

Xue, Y., Schulman-Green, D., Czaplinski, C., Harris, D., & McCorkle, R. (2007). Pain attitudes and knowledge among nurses, pharmacists and physicians on an inpatient oncology service. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 11 (5), 687-95.

Schulman-Green, D., Harris, D., Xue, Y., Loseth, D., Czaplinski, C., Donovan, C., et al. (2005). Unlicensed staff members' experiences with patients' pain on an inpatient oncology unit: Implications for redesigning the care delivery system. Cancer Nursing, 28 (5), 340-347.

Xue, Y., Milone-Nuzzo, P. (2004). Development of hospice in China. Caring, 23 (1), 34-36.

Xue, Y., Cohen, S.S. (2004). Dietary supplements: policy and research implications for nurses. Journal of Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 5 (3), 149-159.

Zou, D.H., Xue, Y., Wang, C.M., and Kim, I. (1999). Assessing palliative care educational needs amongst working nurses, nursing students, and educators in Tianjin, China. Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26, 4-8.

Cui, Y.T., Xue, Y., and Jiao, D.Y. (1997). The diagnosis criteria of brain death and the value of various equipment examinations. Chinese Hospice Journal, 2 (1), 1-5.